Tai chi (TC) training helps improve attention in healthy young adults, according to American researchers. In this non-randomised, controlled, parallel design study, 28 healthy young adult students took part in a 15-week introductory tai chi course, with 44 students acting as non-TC controls. Subjects were tested for ADHD indicators and cognitive function three times over the course of the 15 weeks. The TC students’ self-reports of attention (but not hyperactivity-impulsivity) improved compared to controls. Improvements in self-reported attention correlated with reductions in reaction time variability in an affective go/no-go task for TC students. Affective bias was also found to have changed in the tai chi students, as shown by the fact that their reaction times to positive- and negative-valenced words equalised over time. The authors suggest that TC may have potential as a non-pharmacological intervention for individuals with ADHD. (Tai chi training reduces self-report of inattention in healthy young adults. Front Hum Neurosci. 2014 Jan 27;8:13). http:/ / www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov / pubmed / 24519923

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