An Italian pilot study has found that acupuncture can support women in maintaining breastfeeding for longer. Ninety women randomly received two interventions – acupuncture treatment or observation. Acupuncture sessions were performed twice weekly for three weeks. The control group made weekly visits to the clinic and the midwife observed their breastfeeding, giving routine care. At three weeks post-enrolment, exclusive breastfeeding was significantly lower in the observation group than in the acupuncture group (60% versus 100%). At three months, the difference between the two groups was still significant; breastfeeding was reported in 35% of the acupuncture group, compared with 15% of the observation group. (Acupuncture treatment as breastfeeding support: preliminary data. J Altern Complement Med. 2011 Feb;17(2):133-7).