Evidence identified by a systematic literature review by UK authors suggests that acupuncture represents a cost-effective non-pharmacological treatment option for low back pain (LBP). Analysis of four studies investigating acupuncture for LBP showed that although it was associated with slightly increased costs, incremental cost-effectiveness ratios remained below the commonly cited threshold value of £20,000 per quality-adjusted life year (QALY), suggesting that it represents a cost-effective treatment option.
Cost-Effectiveness of Non-Invasive and Non-Pharmacological Interventions for Low Back Pain: a Systematic Literature Review. Appl Health Econ Health Policy. 2016 Aug 22. [Epub ahead of print].