Scalp acupuncture (SA) can relieve pain in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) as effectively as conventional therapies, report Brazilian investigators. Sixty patients diagnosed with TMD were randomly allocated into four treatment groups: counselling (C), occlusal splint (OS), manual therapy (MT) and scalp acupuncture (SA).  Acupuncture needling was carried out at Baihui DU-20, Qianding DU-21, Xinhui DU-22, Shenting DU-24 and the lower 2/5 of the Motor and Sensory scalp areas (bilaterally).  Each patient received eight 40 minute treatment sessions twice a week, over four weeks. Pain intensity significantly improved in the SA (43.94% reduction), OS (48.49%) and MT groups (59.25% reduction) compared with the C group (2.94% reduction).  An immediate decrease of pain after needle insertion was observed in 94.2% of acupuncture treatment sessions in which pain was present.  Before starting scalp acupuncture, the average pain score was 4.4, reducing by approximately 83.4% at the end of the eight sessions, with a final average of 0.73.  Only the OS and MT groups reported improvement in sleep and quality of life.  (Short-Term Effect of Scalp Acupuncture on Pain, Sleep Disorders, and Quality of Life in Patients with Temporomandibular Disorders: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Pain Med. 2021 Apr 20;22(4):905-914).