Tai chi has additional psychological benefits for patients with heart failure (HF) compared with a heart health education programme. American investigators randomised 100 patients with chronic systolic HF to a 12-week group tai chi program or an education control. At 12 weeks, semi-structured interviews were conducted on a random subset of participants. Positive themes emerged from both groups, however those in the tai chi group reported not only self-efficacy and social support, but overall empowerment, with additional gains such as internal locus of control, self-awareness and stress management.
The Impact of Tai Chi Exercise on Self-Efficacy, Social Support, and Empowerment in Heart Failure: Insights from a Qualitative Sub-Study from a Randomized Controlled Trial. PLoS One. 2016 May 13;11(5):e0154678.