Tai chi can significantly improve cognitive function and fall risk in older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Sixty-six adults aged 60 and older with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (a-MCI) were divided into a tai chi group and a control group by Thai investigators. Participants in the tai chi group attended three tai chi classes per week for three weeks, and then practiced at home with a video, three times per week for 12 weeks. Participants in the control group received educational material related to cognitive impairment and fall prevention. At the end of the trial, performance on cognitive tests was significantly better for the tai chi group than the control group. The tai chi group also had significantly better t fall risk scores, along with significant improvements in the specific components of knee extension strength, reaction time, postural sway and lower limb proprioception.
Effects of Tai Chi on Cognition and Fall Risk in Older Adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Randomized Controlled Trial. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2016 Nov 22. [Epub ahead of print].